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HISTORY OF LE TOUR DE FRANCE

Tour de France, the world’s most respected and challenging bicycle race. Across the three leading bicycle races, others being the Giro d’Italia and the Vuelta a España, the Tour de France attracts the world’s elite riders. Staged for three weeks, starting on 26th June 2021 until 18th July, the Tour this year involves 23 professional teams of 8 riders each and covers some 3,600 km (2,235 miles), mainly in France, with occasional and brief visits to such countries as Belgium, Italy, Germany, and Spain.

Although the race may start outside France - as was the case in 2007, when England hosted the opening stage for the first time, it always heads back into France quickly. The Tour is France’s leading annual sporting event and has deep cultural origins. It is viewed by vast crowds from the roadside and is broadcasted around the world as one of the ultimate tests of athletic endurance.

WHO IS COMPETING THIS YEAR?

There will be 23 teams competing this year, listed below:

  • AG2R CITROËN TEAM (France)
  • ASTANA – PREMIER TECH (Kazakhstan)
  • BAHRAIN VICTORIOUS (Bahrein)
  • BORA – HANSGROHE (Germany)
  • COFIDIS (France)
  • DECEUNINCK – QUICK-STEP (Belgium)
  • EF EDUCATION – NIPPO (US)
  • GROUPAMA – FDJ (France)
  • INEOS GRENADIERS (GB)
  • INTERMARCHÉ–WANTY GOBERT (Belgium)
  • ISRAEL START-UP NATION (Israel)
  • JUMBO – VISMA (Netherlands)
  • LOTTO SOUDAL (Belgium)
  • MOVISTAR TEAM (Spain)
  • TEAM BIKEEXCHANGE (Australia)
  • TEAM DSM (Germany)
  • TEAM QHUBEKA ASSOS (South Africa)
  • TREK – SEGAFREDO (US)
  • UAE TEAM EMIRATES (UAE)
  • ALPECIN – FENIX (Belgium)
  • B&B HOTELS P/B KTM (France)
  • TEAM ARKÉA – SAMSIC (France)
  • TOTAL DIRECT ENERGIE (France)

WHO IS COMPETING THIS YEAR?

There will be 23 teams competing this year, listed below:

  • AG2R CITROËN TEAM (France)
  • ASTANA – PREMIER TECH (Kazakhstan)
  • BAHRAIN VICTORIOUS (Bahrein)
  • BORA – HANSGROHE (Germany)
  • COFIDIS (France)
  • DECEUNINCK – QUICK-STEP (Belgium)
  • EF EDUCATION – NIPPO (US)
  • GROUPAMA – FDJ (France)
  • INEOS GRENADIERS (GB)
  • INTERMARCHÉ–WANTY GOBERT (Belgium)
  • ISRAEL START-UP NATION (Israel)
  • JUMBO – VISMA (Netherlands)
  • LOTTO SOUDAL (Belgium)
  • MOVISTAR TEAM (Spain)
  • TEAM BIKEEXCHANGE (Australia)
  • TEAM DSM (Germany)
  • TEAM QHUBEKA ASSOS (South Africa)
  • TREK – SEGAFREDO (US)
  • UAE TEAM EMIRATES (UAE)
  • ALPECIN – FENIX (Belgium)
  • B&B HOTELS P/B KTM (France)
  • TEAM ARKÉA – SAMSIC (France)
  • TOTAL DIRECT ENERGIE (France)

NUTRITION FOR TEAMS

INEOS GRENADIERS - SiS

Science in Sport (SiS) are partnered with Team INEOS, Great Britain's only team racing in this years Tour de France. SiS’s products have fuelled the team to 7 Grand Tour victories over the last 5 years and have recently signed a three-year extension to their partnership.

Just like INEOS Grenadiers 'marginal gains' philosophy, SiS research and develop each aspect of their products with both sports scientists and international athletes. This scientific research underpins everything they do to ensure their products are of the highest quality whilst also meeting the exacting standards of Informed Sport.

Image Credit: Science in Sport

FUEL WITH SiS

BORA-HANSGROHE - High5

Since 2017, High5 fuel the BORA – hansgrohe’s team using their favourite products throughout training and competitions to sustain optimal performance. Fuelling is crucial in modern-day cycling, as the performance level in le Tour de France is exceptionally high, with lots of riders being able to contest for victories. After hours of intense racing, the one who still can deliver his optimum performance will take the win. High5 is a supplier to BORA – hansgrohe on their hunt for success.

“As I am using nutrition supplements daily in training and races, for me it is important that the products taste great as well as fuel my performance” – Pascal Ackermann, BORA – hansgrohe rider.

Image Credit: High5

FUEL WITH HIGH5

INTERMARCHÉ WANTY GOBERT - Maurten

Intermarché-Wanty-Gobert Matériaux can rely on a ground-breaking partner to improve the performance of its riders, now fuelling with Maurten. With the use of Hydrogel Technology, Maurten maximizes the amount of carbohydrates and stripped away unnecessary ingredients that does not aid performance and risk of causing gastrointestinal problems.

Maurten deliver the team with drinks and hydrogels that contain high concentrations of carbohydrates and serve as fuel during the efforts.

Image Credit: Intermarché-Wanty-Gobert

FUEL WITH MAURTEN

FUEL & PERFORMANCE - LE TOUR DE FRANCE

CAFFEINE

Caffeine is an ergogenic aid that is known for its abilities in eradicating drowsiness, while boosting alertness. Typically, caffeine is consumed through coffee, with 1 cup of coffee equating to 95mg of caffeine. However, caffeine can be taken in multiple forms including energy drinks, gels, supplements, and can even be found in chocolate.

XPLAINED: CAFFEINE

ELECTROLYTES

Electrolytes are key minerals found in your body that are used to conduct electrical impulses, sending signals to your muscles.When your body becomes low on electrolytes, you can experience a multitude of negative side effects. Most commonly, loss of electrolytes can lead to muscle cramping and heat stress which weakens your performance and increases recovery time.

XPLAINED: ELECTROLYTES

CARBOHYDRATE

Carbohydrates are the sugars, starches and fibers found in fruits, grains, vegetables and milk products. Though often maligned in trendy diets, carbohydrates — one of the basic food groups — are important to a healthy diet.

XPLAINED: CARBOHYDRATES